The value of marine biodiversity to the leisure and recreation industry and its application to marine spatial planning

The value of marine biodiversity to the leisure and recreation industry and its application to marine spatial planning

Primary Country: United Kingdom
Ecosystem: species
Sample Value Estimates:
  1. $25,671,363.66: Fishing per year,
  2. $1,967,281.32: diving per year,
  3. $6,644,624.14: boat charter and dive businesses per year.
  4. $34,283,269.12: Total value for recreation activities of per year.
  5. $1,269,191.61: Closed area: Local dive and charter boat per year,
  6. $6,127,145.56: Sea anglers and divers a year.
  7. $7,396,337.17: Total value for recreation activities in the closed area of $7,396,337.17 per year.
  8. $777,026.20: The wreck of the Baygitano with recreation groups generates $777,026.20 expenditure/turnover per year visiting the site.
  9. $800,929.01: The West Tennents reef with recreation groups generates expenditure,turnover per year visiting the site
  10. $5,690,422.67: Anglers spend the most money on their activity in the closed area
  11. £13,687,992 per year: estimated expenditure by sea anglers
  12. £1048956 per year: estimated expenditure by divers through trips made with dive clubs
  13. £3,542,919: boat charter and dive businesses have an a turnover of £3,542,919 per year.
  14. £18,279,867: Total value of recreational activities estimated to be £18,279,867 per year. Note that this study does not assess marginal values and does not show how changes in ecosystems result in changes in values.
Methodology: Contingent Valuation; Travel Cost Method; Expenditure Analysis; Productivity Method
Data source: NOEP; Plymouth Marine Laboratory

Publication information

Rees, Siβn E. Rodwell, Lynda D.Attrill, Martin J.Austen, Melanie C.Mangi, Steven C. “The value of marine biodiversity to the leisure and recreation industry and its application to marine spatial planning” Marine Policy, 2012

Addtional Notes

Lyme Bay closed area, SW England

Monetary values elicited through expenditures (sea anglers and divers) and business turnover (charter boat operators and dive businesses). 

Four separate questionnaires employed using face-to-face interviews for dive businesses, charter boat operators by telephone interview, and dive club members and sea anglers invited to participate in on-line forums and by email. 

Evidence was collected in 2008

Information provided when available, for more information please visit the original database or PDF.