The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital

The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital

Primary Country: global
Ecosystem: open water
Sample Value Estimates:
Values shown were provided by partner databases. ESVD values are from a derived data set. This value point is for:
  1. 76 USD/ha/yr: Attractive landscapes
  2. 252.43 USD/ha/yr: TEV
  3. 118.05 USD/ha/yr: Nutrient cycling
  4. 5 USD/ha/yr: Biological Control [unspecified]
  5. 2750 USD/ha/yr: Prevention of extreme events [unspecified]
  6. 5.8 WST/ha/yr: Gas regulation
  7. 1610 USD/ha/yr: TEV
  8. 0.08 USD/ha/yr: Raw materials [unspecified]
  9. 713.47 USD/ha/yr: Food [unspecified]
  10. 169.14USD/ha/yr: Biodiversity protection
  11. 3007.5 USD/ha/yr: Tourism
  12. 1388.71 USD/ha/yr: Food [unspecified]
  13. 1431 USD/ha/yr: Nutrient cycling
  14. 902.48 USD/ha/yr: Hunting / fishing
  15. 70 USD/ha/yr: Timber
  16. $6,075 / ha / year: Average global annual value of ecosystem services per hectare per year for coral reefs
  17. $9,990 / ha / year: Average global annual value of ecosystem services per hectare per year for mangroves
  18. $19,580 / ha / year: Average global annual value of ecosystem services per hectare per year for swamps / floodplains
  19. $19,004 / ha /year: Average global annual value of ecosystem services per hectare per year for seagrass
  20. $1,610 / ha / year: Average global annual value of ecosystem services per hectare per year for coastal shelf
Region: global
Data source: ESVD; Primary

Publication information

Costanza, R. d'Arge, R.de Groot, R.Farber, S.Grasso, M.Hannon, B.Limburg, K.Naeem, S.O'Neill, R.V.Paruelo, J.Raskin, R.G., Sutton, P., van den Belt, M. “The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital” Nature, 1997

Information provided when available, for more information please visit the original database or PDF.