Mass Tourism and the Demand for Protected Natural Areas: A Travel Cost Approach

Mass Tourism and the Demand for Protected Natural Areas: A Travel Cost Approach

Primary Country: Spain
Ecosystem: multiple
Sample Value Estimates:
  1. pesetas 22.992 billion : WTA to compensate for the removal of the 10 natural areas in Mallorca studied in terms of tourist revenue
Methodology: discrete choice model
Region: Europe / Mediterranean
Data source: NOAA's Coral Reef Valuation Database

Publication information

Font, A. “Mass Tourism and the Demand for Protected Natural Areas: A Travel Cost Approach” Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 39(1), 97-116, 2000

Addtional Notes

Sample of 1773 international tourists to MallorcaJournal Article

Font, Antoni Riera

2000

"Mass Tourism and the Demand for Protected Natural Areas: A Travel Cost Approach"Journal of Environmental Economics and Management

39

1

Academic Press: Elsevier Science

San Diego

97-116

Travel Cost/Tourism/Mallorca/ Hedonic/ Travel Cost Method

This paper presents the argument that when environmental protection projects favor tourist activities, the travel cost method can be used to measure the value tourists give to the recreational services these areas provide. With this idea this study describes a model of tourist behavior that allows the researchers to predict whether a tourist will participate in the recreational activities, the frequency of participation according to the areas' attributes, and the costs of producing alternatives. To illustrate the model's application, the study considers tourist demand for and benefits from a set of protected natural areas in Mallorca. Welfare estimate: 22.992 billion pesetas would be needed compensate for the removal of the 10 natural areas studied in terms of tourist revenue.

The study develops a theoretical framework for natural area demand by tourists and empirically estimates a model using Mallorca as a case in point. It attempts to address the limits of the TCM by accounting for multiple-intention holidays and the fact that foreign and local tourists have different habits. It extends the multinomial logit model to estimate the probability of individuals visiting each selected natural site once they have decided to participate. The model does the following: 1)Predicts whether individuals will participate in the recreational activities a set of natural areas supplies, and if so, how many trips they will make and which areas they will visit

2)Determines how the consequent change of decision to participate affect the total number and distribution of trips

3) Estimates the benefits or losses associated with the elimination, creation, improvement of, or damage to a specific natural area. The study confirmed that the probability of a tourist's visiting specific natural areas depends predictably on a site's distance and characteristics, while individual socioeconomic characteristics determine the probability of participation in the recreational activities these areas offer.

Mallorca, Spain

Natural Areas

Tourism

Surveys, Calculations

199722.992 billion pesetas would be needed compensate for the removal of the 10 natural areas studied in terms of tourist revenue.

In-person survey interview of tourists on natural areas' value to tourists conducted in departure area of airport.

Survey used to develop a discrete choice model, which is used in conjunction with a territorial accessibility model of Mallorca along with a physical description of the protected natural areas under study.

1773

International tourists to Mallorca

Stratified tourists by source country

Kim Barry

Information provided when available, for more information please visit the original database or PDF.