Charging for Nature: Marine Park Fees and Management from a User Perspective

Charging for Nature: Marine Park Fees and Management from a User Perspective

Primary Country: Netherlands Antilles
Ecosystem: coral reef
Sample Value Estimates:
(a) total Willingness to Pay [WTP] per in diver in 2008 at Bonaire National Marine Park [BNMP] exceeded the US$25 annual fee in 2008 by US$8.5 [or US$10.3 if considering only respondents satisfied with the current US$25] (b) US$288,481 as consumer surplus [CS] associated with annual diver fees in 2008 (c) US$104,517 as estimated additional amount BNMP could have collected in 2008 through full non-diver compliance, based on US$167,054 collected by BNMP through the sale of 15,769 non-diver annual tags and 4,682 non-diver day tags (d) US$495,824 as estimated additional amount that could have been raised in 2008 from payment of days fees if made mandatory for non-diving cruise visitors.
Methodology: Willingness to Pay
Region: Americas and Europe

Publication information

Uyarra, M.C. J.A. GilI.M. Côté “Charging for Nature: Marine Park Fees and Management from a User Perspective” AMBIO. 39(7):515-523, 2010

Addtional Notes

The total WTP of divers in 2008 was significantly lower than that of divers in 1991 [US$38.1, adjusted to 2008 values], and the WTP of American divers in 2008 was significantly lower than that of Americans in 2002 [US$73, adjusted to 2008 values]. Visiting Bonaire after Hurricane Omar, not being American, and considering the holiday good value for price, all weakly but significanty increased the total WTP of divers.

 

 

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