Ecosystem services and poverty alleviation: A review of the empirical links

Ecosystem services and poverty alleviation: A review of the empirical links

Primary Country: Sweden
Ecosystem: multiple
Sample Value Estimates:
(a) 93% of reviewed papers were conducted at a micro or meso level (b) more than 50% [21 papers] reviewed, analysed or described a historical change over time, while 11 conducted cross-sectional analysis,using a single point in time (c) 54% dealt with cultivated systems, 38% with forests or inland water, 13% coastal, 10% urban, 8% mountain and 3% marine (d) income and assets were included in 5 of the 6 most frequent pairs of poverty dimensions (e) only 3 papers were classified as examining poverty alleviation interentios that were designed to also impove ES management (f) most frequently discussed drivers related to environmental change were habitat conversion or modification [60%] and the over-exploitation, unsustainable or illegal use of resources [53%] (g) 66% [26] of the papers discussed mediating factors - e.g. issues of governance, power relations and trade-offs - of the links between ES and poverty (h) hazard regulation was coded with the widest variety of poverty dimensions, [12], followed by water supply, wild species diversity and crops, livestock and fish [with 11 each] and trees, standing vegetation and peat [10]. Health was dealt with in only six papers; however, it was considered in conjunction with a relatively large number of ES [8] (i) Many of the papers measured one aspect of the impacts of ES and described - but did not measure - poverty impacts, or alter- natively measured poverty impacts, but only described ES impacts. Further, of the 31 papers that considered both direct ES and direct poverty impacts, only 15 included descriptions that were able to be coded as unequivocally positive or negative impacts on ES or poverty.
Methodology: literature search, classification process leading to 39 relevant studies for year 2000 that were then coded
Region: multiple

Publication information

Suich, H. C. HoweG. Mace “Ecosystem services and poverty alleviation: A review of the empirical links” Ecosystem Services 12: 137-147, 2015

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