Global mapping and estimation of ecosystem services values and gross domestic product: A spatially explicit integration of national ‘green GDP’ accounting

Global mapping and estimation of ecosystem services values and gross domestic product: A spatially explicit integration of national ‘green GDP’ accounting

Primary Country: global
Ecosystem: global
Sample Value Estimates:
(a) ecosystems provide an estimated US$ 149.61 trillion dollars’ worth of services annually (b) approximately 75.15% of the ESV is contributed by marine systems at US$ 112.43trillion/yr and most of this comes from coastal systems at 76.22%, US$ 85.70 trillion/yr (c) approximately 24.85% of the ESV comes from terrestrial systems, mainly from forests at 43.93%, US$ 16.33 trillion/yr and wetlands at 10.52%, US$ 3.91 trillion/yr (d) the world GDP (PPP) in 2009 was approximately US$ 71.75 trillion for 225 countries or regions, resulting in a total ESV to GDP ratio of approximately 2.09–1.
Methodology: Authors developed an integrated framework to explore the feasibility of using remote sensing data as proxies for of the estimated global and national GDP and ESV, to support green GDP accounting at the national level.
Region: global

Publication information

Li, G. Fang. C. “Global mapping and estimation of ecosystem services values and gross domestic product: A spatially explicit integration of national ‘green GDP’ accounting” Ecological Indicators 46: 293-314., 2014

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