Tourism in Zanzibar: Incentives for sustainable management of the coastal environment

Tourism in Zanzibar: Incentives for sustainable management of the coastal environment

Primary Country: Tanzania
Ecosystem: multiple
Sample Value Estimates:
This paper estimates the economic contribution from international tourism to the Zanzibari economy. (a) Tourists spent US$184.9 million in the Zanzibar economy in 2007 (b) Tourism generated incomes of $119.6 million in 2007, or 25% of the GDP, and a large amount of foreign exchange earnings (c) Zanzibaris obtain 47% of tourism GDP, but only 20% accrues to local communities; most, 15%, goes to government in the form of fees and taxes, and to Zanzibaris from outside the local communities, 12%. Non-Zanzibaris - from mainland Tanzania and other countries - obtain 53% of tourism GDP but this distribution varies a great deal among different categories of tourism.
Methodology: The economic contribution is defined in terms of contribution to national income, which is based on market transactions and (largely) observed prices, rather than a measure economic welfare.
Region: Africa

Publication information

Lange, G. “Tourism in Zanzibar: Incentives for sustainable management of the coastal environment” Ecosystem Services 11: 5-11, 2015

Addtional Notes

 

 

"Coastal tourism is the single largest sector of the economy accounting for 25% of GDP, but the coastal ecosystem is seriously degraded." 

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