El Nido Revisited: Ecotourism, Logging and Fisheries

El Nido Revisited: Ecotourism, Logging and Fisheries

Primary Country: Philippines
Ecosystem: coral reef
Sample Value Estimates:
Economic comparison of fishing, logging, and tourism sectors under two different policy options: ban on logging in the Bacuit Bay area of Palawan and continued logging in the area
  1. $47,415: gross tourism revenue with no logging
  2. $8,178 : gross tourism revenue with logging
  3. $28,070: gross fisheries revenue with no logging
  4. $12,844 : gross fisheries revenue with no logging
  5. $12,884: gross logging revenue
  6. $33,906: gross revenue of all industries with logging
  7. $75,485: gross revenue of all industries without logging
  8. $41,579: welfare loss with continued logging. Present value was then taken at 10% and 15% of gross revenue.
Methodology: gross value and its present value using 10% and 15% discount rates
Region: Asia

Publication information

Hodgson, G. Dixon, J.A. “El Nido Revisited: Ecotourism, Logging and Fisheries” In: Cesar H.S.J. (ed.), Collected Essays on the Economics of Coral Reefs. CORDIO, Kalmar University, Sweden. p. 55-68, 2000

Addtional Notes


This was a resurvey of the coastal town of El Nido located on the Phillippine island of Palawan. The initial survey was performed in 1986. See Hodgson, G. Dixon, J. Logging Versus Fisheries and Tourism in Palawan, Occasional Papers of the East-West Environment and Policy Institute, 1988. The resurvey revealed that the predictions about tourism were correct, if an underestimate. Preservation of the uniquie forest ecosystem had allowed ecotourism to flourish. The single most important change was that commercial logging, which had been temporarily stopped in 1986 in the El Nido area, was banned completely in Palawan within four years of the publication of the 1988 study. The hillsides and corals themselves had recovered from the effects of logging, but increased fishing pressures due to a variety of causes had resulted in overfishing and severely reduced populations of most high-value species of fish and shellfish.

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